There are various steps involved in building a house starting with plan development to handing over. Different contractors may use varying approaches where the choice will also depend on type, style and size of the house. These are also some of the factors that will affect the time it will take to complete the whole construction process. The major phases of a custom house building process are:
Before the construction works begin, there are tests that should be conducted to assess things like ground bearing capacity depending on the type of soil and level of the water table among others. Detailed plan for the house should also be developed and then presented to the relevant municipal offices for approval. The necessary permits should then be obtained for works like electrical, plumbing, sewer connection and/or septic system.
The ground has to be prepared first where this may involve removal of top soil and excavating depending on the layout of the house. Footings (slabs) will then be prepared, and these will be providing the necessary support to the foundation walls. It is also at this point of custom house building process that piping should be done for water, electricity, cable services and telephone. Other considerations that to make at this stage include:
- Insulating and damp-proofing
- Installing weeping tiles to drain moisture
- Inspection by municipal officers where required
This is all about constructing the skeleton where the process will involve lifting frames (already built on the ground) into place, installing roofing trusses, installing windows/doors, installing basement floor, plumbing and putting in place the necessary wiring for heating, cooling and lighting. At the end of this phase, the municipal officers may carry out structural, electrical and plumbing inspection as specified by building code requirements.
Working on the interior and exterior
The contractor should have a proper schedule of the works that will be done both within and outside the house. This will
ensure that everything runs smoothly. Among the things that will be done at this stage are insulating the walls & the roof, installing cooling and heating systems, putting in place electrical and plumbing fixtures, painting ceilings and walls, installing bathroom & kitchen fixtures and laying flooring.
It is still at this stage where porches, decks and other outdoor structures should be installed. At the end of it all, you may need to contact your local municipal to inspect the stairways and handrails among other items meant to enhance safety. They may also carry out the final inspection on electrical and plumbing works. The contractor will work closely with you during this stage in order to make decisions that will suit your needs, taste and/or style.
Completion and handing over
This is the last part in custom house building process and the team you were working with will carry out some final touches. You will be walked around the house, and everything will be summarized with a final clean-up exercise. The contractor will then hand-over all the necessary items including the keys to your new home.
Article by Glen Tree Homes, custom home builders in the Greater Toronto Area