Waterproofing Dictionary

 - by admin

If you would like to waterproof your basement in the near future and you want to know a little more about it, below are the most common terms waterproofing contractors use and their meaning:

Exterior Waterproofing

Exterior Waterproofing

Absorption - the trapping of water and water vapors inside a material’s microscopic pores, like a sponge does to water.

Adhesion - the property of a material to fasten itself to the surface over which it is used.

Aging – effect over matter after being exposed to an environment for a certain amount of time.

Application rate – the amount of coating or sealant applied over an area.

Backfill soil – a combination of soil, stone and other materials used to fill a void left after construction or excavation.

Basement – a part of the house which was built completely or partially underground.

Basement waterproofing – a process used to prevent water penetration in basements.

Below grade – has the same meaning as Basement.

Carbon fiber – a low weight, high tensile strength material, mostly composed of carbon atoms and a plastic resin.

Caulk – a material used for the sealing and filling of junctures or joints.

Coating – a substance used to cover a surface to protect it and/or change its appearance.

Concrete – a stone-like material, normally made from cement, sand and water.

Condensation – the process of changing from a gas state to liquid or solid.

Dehumidifier – an appliance used to reduce the amount of humidity in the air, for comfort and health reasons.

Downspout – a pipe extending from the gutter on the roof downwards which directs rain water away from the foundation

Dry well – a hole in the ground, filled with gravel, meant to divert water away from the basement

Efflorescence – a deposit of a salt-like substance on porous materials, which can indicate a structural weakness

Epoxy – a synthetic resin used to make tough coatings and sealants.

Footing – made of concrete, poured below the frost line; used as a base for the building of walls.

Basement Waterproofing

Basement Waterproofing

Foundation – the solid ground underneath the building.

Grout – a mixture used for filling cracks in masonry.

Hydrostatic Pressure – a force generated by groundwater, which exerts itself against the foundation.

Infiltration – the transition of ground waters through a wall or floor into the basement, casing molt, rottenness and rust.


Mildew – a thin white layer of hyphae over organic materials, caused by damp conditions.

Moisture – the presence of water in trace amounts. Causes appearance of mold and rusty pipes.

Porous – material which allows liquids and gases to pass through its pores.

Polyurethane – a filling material, used in cracks in the wall.

PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) – a plastic material used in the making of pipes.

Rust – when iron is exposed to oxygen and moisture, it forms iron oxide, known as rust. It destroys pipes and causes water leaks.

Sealant – a material used to waterproof exterior construction joints.

Sump Pump – a device used to remove water that has accumulated inside the sump pit. They are used to direct excess water away from your house to prevent water from entering your basement.

Tensile strength – ability to resist being stretched or pulled apart.

Waterproofing – improving walls and floor condition in order to block water from passing into the basement.


If you want to know more about basement waterproofing or if you’re looking for a contractor to waterproof your own basement, call Zucco Construction now at 416-822-8832 or visit their website http://www.zuccoconstruction.com/.